proxy war theory

The term “proxy war” conjures images of the Cold War, when outside powers—namely, the United States and Soviet Union, but also regional players—treated local combatants as pawns on a geopolitical chessboard. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. In Yemen, they have. The Cold War is now known for a number of proxy wars in which both the Soviet Union and the United States would support one side or the other in conflicts around the world. Other articles where Proxy war is discussed: Commonwealth of Independent States: A similar proxy war broke out in eastern Ukraine in 2014 after Russia’s illegal annexation of the Ukrainian autonomous republic of Crimea. States engage in proxy war for numerous reasons, the most important of which is the avoidance of direct conflict, especially with a state of greater or equal strength. p. 55. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. War (1979–1991) A New Age of Proxy Warfare Warning Signs: Renewed Rivalries in the 1990s and the 2000s The Arab Spring and Today’s Proxy Wars (2011–2018) Strategic Innovation and Proxy Proliferation Conclusion 54 Notes 57 2. 5 CFR (2006). A proxy war occurs when a major power instigates or plays a major role in supporting and directing a party to a conflict but does only a small portion of the actual fighting itself. Efficacy describes the proxy’s ability to enable the intervening state to accomplish its desired objectives. Proxy war 1. Meaning of proxy war. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. The first problem with the ‘by, with, and through’ approach articulated by Definition of proxy war in the Definitions.net dictionary. Chapter: (p.166) 7 Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Source: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3 Author(s): Seth Lazar Laura Valentini Publisher: Oxford University Press DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. A proxy war is defined to be "a war fought between groups of smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these". Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. [1] In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Information and translations of proxy war in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Utility refers to the idea that a proxy can do what is needed—that it can perform the tasks necessary to carry out the intervention. efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2020. To troubleshoot, please check our Each side was supported by external powers and the conflict expanded, becoming a proxy war in the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. For the most part such substitutes where minor Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints. This theory sees the world with the logical and realistic point of view. This chapter explores how certain conditions and methods lead to maximizing a proxy’s utility and efficacy. On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. Featured • Original Articles Historical background of anti-Shia violence in today’s Pakistan. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. The theory articulates two models of proxy warfare, a efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. proxy war synonyms, proxy war pronunciation, proxy war translation, English dictionary definition of proxy war. The strategy of war by proxy may be utilized to preserve the “peace” between the two powers directly.8 Given the contemporary neglect of superpower conflict strategies, this thesis critically examines proxy war as a viable national strategy for nuclear armed great powers to advance and/or defend their global national interests in a bipolar international system. contact us. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges … A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints. 83-124) DOI: 10.2307/j.ctvqsdq0k.7 CHANCES ARE, a proxy war policy will go ahead despite suboptimal conditions. A Deeper Examination of the Problems with the By, With, and Through Approach . 2. Since proxy warsarewars, moral analysis should start with the traditional Just War Theory provisions ofjus ad bellumthat include just cause, proportionality, right intention, right authority, last resort, and reasonable chance of success. Ultimately, all this will likely produce a fragmentation of the country and a proxy war between Saudi-supported Sunni and Iranian-supported Shia, with the Kurds eventually going their own way. The aforementioned relationship usually takes the form of funding, military training, arms, or other forms of material assistance which assist a belligerent party in sustaining its war effort. , and if you can't find the answer there, please This paper does so by proposing a theory of proxy warfare, currently absent from discussions of military theory, based on historical study, social theory and the tyranny of time. During the Cold War, analysis of proxy war was heavily state-centric and was viewed through the binary lens of U.S.-Soviet competition for influence.19 Post-Cold War analysis of proxy warfare has given greater attention to the way that states might use rebel or insurgent groups or other non-state actors as surrogates or proxies to exert influence in another state.20 However, the difficulty … Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. Executive Summary & Key Findings Proxy warfare will shape twenty-first century conflicts for the foreseeable future. The main international players in the proxy war are Saudi Arabia, who is supporting the Sunni rebels, and Russia and Iran, who are allying with the Assad regime. States engage in proxy war for numerous reasons, the most important of which is the avoidance of direct conflict, especially with a state of greater or equal strength. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. [Dictionary 1] The United Nations does not wage war (or proxy war): its peacekeeping military actions are instead police actions. Chapter: (p.166) 7 Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Source: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3 Author(s): Seth Lazar Laura Valentini Publisher: Oxford University Press Expanding upon the limited proxy war theory that exists is therefore vital. October 11, 2020. However, this pre-Cold War scholarship on proxy wars focused predominantly on the use of proxies by superpowers to avoid conflict escalation and nuclear confrontation. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. In a proxy war, either side would strive to implement their own form of government, which would then serve as a beacon for similar revolutions in the region. Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Expanding upon the limited proxy war theory that exists is therefore vital. Current theories suggest that two forms of proxy relationships exist, one characterized by an exploitative model and the other by a transactional model. aforementioned analysis, to set the foundation for a general theory of proxy warfare. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. This general theory of proxy warfare should serve as the basis for a proxy warfare doctrine. This work, arguing that proxy warfare is the dominant form of … proxy war definition: 1. a war fought between groups or smaller countries that each represent the interests of other…. While Pfaff’s analysis is normative in character, being based in the legal tradition of “just war theory” (jus ad bellum), the norms of proxy wars” at which he arrives map remarkably well onto the political considerations that lie at the heart of unconventional warfare strategy. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. The Strategy of War by Proxy. By 2018 at least 10,000 people had been killed in clashes between Ukrainian armed forces and Russian-backed paramilitary units in the Donets Basin. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. To complicate things, proxy wars are indirect interventions in which a Beneficiary uses a Proxy against a specific Target. The Strategy of War by Proxy. These substitute actors could be smaller states or non-state actors. While conflicts in Ukraine and Afghanistan appear stuck, for the moment, in a precarious status quo, Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen stand out as ground zero in multi-sided proxy wars that are testing international norms. CHAPTER 4 A THEORY OF PROXY WAR. Proxy wars were first defined by the way they manifested during the era of the Cold War: indirect confrontation between superpowers via substitute actors. Proxy war is covert and illegal, yet still frequently used as a strategy today. Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. Proxy war: | | | Part of a series about | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. This theory stated that if one nation in South East Asia "went red" then all the nations in the region would follow suit. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. To troubleshoot, please check our On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. Introduction Interest in just war theory has boomed in recent years, as a revisionist school of thought has challenged the orthodoxy of international law, most famously defended by Michael Walzer [1977]. 17. Cooperation and Conflict 2016 19: 4, 263-273 Download Citation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Power and security can be called as the two sides of same coin. The recourse to proxy war has been particularly prevalent since 1945 as the shadow of nuclear war ensured more acute selectivity in conflict engagement, / ˈprɑːk.si ˌwɔːr / uk / ˈprɒk.si ˌwɔː r/ a war fought between groups or smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these: The new nuclear … All Rights Reserved. . Learn more. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. FAQs [Dictionary 1] The United Nations does not wage war (or proxy war): its peacekeeping military actions are instead police actions. University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. If a benefactor provides weapons to a proxy, they can land in the hands of terrorists. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Syria: the proxy war George Joffé NOREF Article August 2012 Executive summary It is now 18 months since the current crisis erupted in Syria. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2019, DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.001.0001. Proxy war or not, the bulk of the fighting in Syria is not about the regional balance of power. For each country “security” is the prime interest and to satisfy this interest, power is a primary source. 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